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What is B Tech (Bachelor of Technology)?

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) is a professional undergraduate engineering degree programme awarded to candidates after completion of four years of study in the field. This undergraduate programme is your gateway to a career in engineering.

In India, a B.Tech degree is offered across various specialisations. Some of the more prominent ones are as follows:

Computer Science Engineering Mechanical Engineering Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering Instrumentation Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Petroleum Engineering Electronics & Electrical Engineering

While all these specialisations offer bright prospects for students to get into different careers, computer science engineering is probably one of the most sought after nowadays. This is also reflected in the high cut off exam scores that top engineering colleges such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indraprastha Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) as well as some of the best central universities command from their respective applicants in order to enroll them for this programme.

In India, all technical programmes such as B.Tech, fall under the regulatory purview of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the National Board of Accreditation (NBA). Admissions to B.Tech programmes take place through national level/state-level/institute-level engineering entrance examinations. The top five engineering entrance exams taken by a large number of students each year are:

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced

The Bachelors in Engineering (BE) degree programme also offers a similar orientation to students as the one offered by a B.Tech programme. In fact, such is the degree of overlap in eligibility criteria to colleges, subjects taught, recruiting companies and even job profiles offered during placements, that often students wonder whether these are the same.

What is the difference between a BE and BTech degree?

The key difference between these two degree programmes is with respect to the course material taught and the orientation of the programme.

The following table captures the points of difference between these two programmes.

Difference between BE and B.Tech
BE B.Tech
BE is more theoretical and knowledge oriented. It is study based on theory. B.Tech is a skill/data oriented. The course is more of application engineering
The course deals with engineering aspects of Science The course deals with the technical aspects of Science
The course is applied to develop innovative equipments and useful technical gadgets in Science and Technology The course applies the principles of engineering and technology to modify structures and thereby enhance their quality. 

Both BE and B.Tech degrees offer students an opportunity to pursue a career in Engineering. The courses are of a duration of 4-years and are spread across 8 semesters.

There are typically two kinds of a engineering programme:

  • 3-year BE/B.Tech after Diploma in Engineering
  • 4-year BE/B.Tech after Class 12

4-year BE/B.Tech after Class 12

Required Skill set for BE/BTech

Ability to communicate - verbal and written Familiarity with Industry Standards
Knowledge of the core subject Teamwork
Creativity Multi-disciplinary exposure
Application of the knowledge Leadership Skills
Analytical & Creative thinking Acquaintance with Computers & IT

Eligibility Criteria for BE/BTech

The basic eligibility requirement for admissions to any BTech programme is:

  • Candidates must have passed Class 10+2 exam from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects.
  • They must also have secured a minimum aggregate marks of 60% in the above subjects combined.
Please note that the BTech eligibility criteria would vary from institute to institute.

Course Curriculum for BE/BTech

The course curriculum for every BTech specialization is different. Take a look at the syllabus/course curriculum for some of the popular BTech specialisations below.

Aeronautical Engineering Industrial Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Marine Engineering
Automobile Engineering Mechanical Engineering
Biomedical Engineering Mechatronics Engineering
Biotechnology Engineering Metallurgical Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Mining Engineering
Chemical Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Civil Engineering Power Engineering
Communications Engineering Production Engineering
Computer Science Engineering Robotics Engineering
Construction Engineering Structural Engineering
Electrical Engineering Telecommunication Engineering
Electronics & Communication Engineering Textile Engineering
Electronics Engineering Tool Engineering
Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering

BE/BTech: Types of Job profiles and Top recruiters

The job opportunities for BTech graduates are huge in technical fields. Any graduate who has successfully pursued a BTech degree can get a job in almost all the sectors in India. Besides being hired as engineers, BTech graduates are also hired as consultants, subject matter experts, researchers, managers etc. Take a look at some of the popular job profiles for BTech graduates below.

Types of job profiles for BTech graduates

Computer Science Engineer Mining Engineer
Mechanical Engineer Ceramic Engineer
Civil Engineer Production Engineer
Automobile Engineer Robotics Engineer
Chemical Engineer Electronics & Communication Engineer
Electrical Engineer


Electronics Engineer Software Develop
Aeronautical Engineer Product Manager
Marine Engineer Construction Engineer
Aerospace Engineer elecommunication Engineer

As a BTech graduate, it’s important to be aware of the choices that you are or you will be making for your future. To make the right decision, you must be aware of all the choices available to you after graduation to lead a better career.

Many BTech graduates, after completing their 4 year programme, go for an MBA degree. While there are others who appear for GATE to pursue higher studies in the chosen specializations. Some BTech graduates also launch their own start-ups.

Top recruiters for BTech graduates

The demand for BTech graduates is high across every domain. Every company – private of government, big or small recruit engineers in various capacities. Take a look at the list of some of the top companies recruiting BTech graduates after a successful 4 year programme.

TATA Consultancy

Bain & Company

Infosys Technologies

Larson & Tubro

IBM Global Services

InfoEdge India Ltd

Accenture Services


HCL Technologies


Goldman Sachs

AT Kearney




Hindustan UniLiver Ltd


ITC Limited

Mckinsey Knowledge Centre

JP Morgan

Rubrik and Uber






Morgan Stanley




Deutsche Bank


Procter & Gamble



Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd




Triveni Turbine Limited

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